Vat Amavasya, also referred as Vata Savitri Amavasya Vrat, is observed by married women in North India. Vat Savitri Amavasya Vrat 2021 date is June 10. The vrat observed on Amavasya is more popular in Uttar Pradesh (UP), Bihar, Madhya Pradesh (MP), Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The fasting and rituals is a three day affair and it begins on June 8, 2021 for those who follow the traditional method. For others it is on the main day, June 10.
Main rituals include fasting on the day and worshipping the Banyan Tree. Married women observe Vat Amavasya puja for the well being of their husbands and for a prosperous and happy family life. A white thread is tied around the Banyan Tree on the day.
Vat Amavasya is based on the famous Savitri – Satyavan legend in the Mahabharata. In North India, Vat Puja is observed on the Jyeshtha Amavasya day (no moon day).
Vat Savitri Vrat fasting is for three days. It begins on the Trayodashi day and ends on Amavasi – the fast is for three nights and ends on the fourth day. Prayers and pujas are dedicated to Vat Vriksha (Banyan Tree) and Savitri.
But nowadays most women only fast on the Amavasya day.
It must be noted that in some regions, Vat Savitri Vrat is also observed on the Jyestha Purnima day (full moon day), especially in Western parts of India – Gujarat and Maharashtra and this is known as Vat Purnima (June 24, 2021).
In Orissa, it is observed during Amavasya and is known as Savitri Brata.
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