The Hindu New Year 2078 or Vikram Nav Varsh Samvat in the traditional lunar Hindi calendars followed in North India – especially in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Delhi and Chhattisgarh is celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada (March – April). In 2021, the Nav Samvat begins on April 13. The New Year is first day after the Amavasya (No moon) in the month of Chaitra. The current year is known as Pramadhi Samvatsar (प्रमादी संवत्सर).(The previous year which began on March 25, 2020 was the Vikram Samvat 2077 and it was known as Pramadhi Samvatsar.)
As per Hindu astrology Pramadhi Samvatsar will have Mangal as King and again Mangal as Minister. It is very rare to have both Mangal as king and minister. Mangal is associated with war.
People offer prayers on the day for a happy and prosperous year. First prayer is offered to Ganesha.
Note: Nav Varsh Samvat 2078 in Gujarati calendar begins on November 5, 2021
– Saka Era 1943 begins on April 13 in Maharashtra
, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka
Note – Chaitra or Vasant Navratri is observed from the first day for nine days in North India
Vikram Era was started in 57 BC by Emperor Vikramaditya as a commemoration of his victory upon the Shaks. This victory took place at Ujjain, one among the four places associated with Kumbh Mela. This Hindu calendar is also known as Vikram Samvat.
According to the traditional Hindu calendar followed in North India this is year Vikram Samvat 2074. This calculation of Hindu New Year is based on the Luni-Solar calendar. A month in the calendar is calculated from the day after full moon to full moon (Pratipada tithi after Purnima to Purnima). This is known as Purnimanta system.
The calendars followed mainly in North India are based on the Amanta and Purnimanta system. Amanta calendar is calculated from New moon to New moon. Purnimanta is calculated from Full moon to Full moon. Amanta is used in some places for calculating festivals and other auspicious days.
The Amanta Lunar calendar starts with Chaitra month. Amanta is used to fix all the major Hindu festivals in North India. Even those communities that prefer the Purnimat calendar use Amanta calendar for fixing festivals.
It must be noted here that Gujarat follows a different calendar system and there the New Year falls on the day after Diwali – the calendar is popularly known as Vikram Samvat – the current year in Gujarati calendar is Vikram Samvat 2078 (It will change only on November 5, 2021).