Labour survey shows 29% rise in employment: Key takeaways

NEW DELHI: Employment scenario in key 9 sectors registered a growth of 29 per cent during the April-June quarter of the current financial year in comparison to the sixth economic survey of 2013-14, a survey released by the labour ministry showed.
The all-India quarterly establishment-based employment survey (AQEES) prepared by the labour ministry provides quarterly updates regarding the employment and related variables of establishments, in both organised and unorganised segments.
The 9 key sectors include manufacturing, construction, trade, transport, education, health, accommodation and restaurant, IT/ BPO and financial services.
All these sectors together account for 85 per cent of the total employment in establishments wit ten or more workers in the 6th economic census.
Here are the key highlights from the survey:
Employment scenario
* The above 9 sectors together employed 3.8 crore workers during the first quarter ended June 30, as against 2.37 crore reported in 6th economic census. This shows an increase of 29 per cent in employment.
* Out of this 29 per cent jump, manufacturing sector comprises the biggest share of 41 per cent.
* Total employment (between the three-month lockdown period) fell from 3.078 crore to 2.848 crore or by 24 lakh. This has been slightly more than made up during July 2020 and March 2021, making the total employment figure on April 1 as 3.08 crore, principal adviser to the labour and employment ministry, D P S Negi said.
* Education sector employed 22 per cent of the workers, health recorded 8 per cent, while trade and IT/BPO sector engaged 7 per cent of the total estimated number of workers.
* In comparison with the 6th economic census that was published in 2013-14, the IT/BPO sector recorded the most impressive growth of 152 per cent during Q1.
* Comparing with the same figures from the same census as above, employment growth in other sectors were as follows: Health 77 per cent, financial services 48 per cent, education 39 per cent, manufacturing 22 per cent, transport 68 per cent and construction 42 per cent.
* Meanwhile, employment in trade came down by 25 per cent and in accommodation and restaurant the decline was by 13 per cent.
* The over-all participation of female workers stood at 29 per cent, slightly lower than 31 per cent reported during 6th EC.
* Employment decreased due to the Covid-19 pandemic in 27 per cent of the 12,000 establishments surveyed by the ministry.
Impact of Covid
* During the Covid lockdown period, from March 25 to June 30 last year, 69.5 per cent establishments reported no change in employment.
* In 2020, 26.7 per cent establishments faced decreased employment on July 1 as compared to March 25.
* However manufacturing, construction and accommodation & restaurant sector witnessed decreased employment during the lockdown period.
* On the other hand, healthcare witnessed highest 7 per cent rise in employment during the period under consideration.
Wage levels
* 81 per cent workers received full wages even during the lockdown period from March 25-June 30 last year. While, 16 per cent received reduced wages, only 3 per cent of workers were denied of any pay.
* However, more than 90 per cent of the workers engaged in health and financial services sector received full wages.
* Construction, restaurants reported the highest percentage share of employees receiving no pay during the lockdown.
Gender disparity
* Male workers constituted 70.7 per cent of the total workers and the female workers constituted only 29 per cent, indicating large scale gender disparity.
* Under employee category, female workers were largely employed in education and health sectors.
Types of workers
* Out of the total estimated employees, 87.5 per cent were regular workers, 7.8 per cent were contractual workers, 2.1 per cent were casual workers and 1 per cent were on fixed term employment.
* Within regular workers, maximum 98 per cent workers was found to be in IT/BPO sector followed by 94.8 per cent in health.
* Highest number of contract workers were employed in construction and manufacturing sector.
* Maximum number of 4.5 per cent vacancies were reported in IT/BPO and manufacturing sector, followed by 4.4 per cent in education sector.
* About 33 per cent establishments reported resignation and around 28 per cent gave retirement as the reason for vacancies. The remaining 39 per cent cited other reasons.

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